What does Job Burnout mean?


What does Job Burnout mean?

Naturally, humans need to work and to meet their needs, they have to generate income in various ways. Considering the type of work you have and how you have to do your work, you may get tired and this fatigue will go away after some rest.


But you may also have noticed that sometimes after a few days off and getting tired out, you still don't want to go back to work, and this type of tiredness needs to be checked because it can be stressful. In this article, you will learn how to get out of this situation, and by filling out the questionnaire that we gave you, you will find out how much you are involved in this problem, and above all, it is better to know what job burnout means and what will happen to you next. We'll explain.

What does burnout mean?


Job burnout caused by work-related stress. In some work situations, a person becomes disabled and weak due to stress and pressure at work and loses the ability to reduce work stress. In this case, the person suffers from a kind of indifference and nothing arouses him or shows aggressive behavior towards the work environment.


Job exhaustion does not usually occur due to one or two stressful and painful incidents in life, but rather is the result of the gradual accumulation of psychological stress resulting from work and daily activities, and leads to a person experiencing various situations such as frustration and chronic fatigue. , low energy. It can be given as an example: a person who suffers from job burnout feels continuous and repeated pressure in his work environment due to the presence of repeated and successive factors, and this pressure will eventually turn into a feeling of exhaustion in this person due to the presence of repeated factors, and this fatigue does not necessarily result from long and long work.

Dimensions of burnout


Fatigue and boredom is called exhaustion when a person does not have the motivation to return to work after resting or spending time and having fun. This stage is basically the initial stages of job burnout.


Job burnout usually occurs when a person is not motivated enough to continue working and has not chosen his favorite job. It is also possible that managers and leaders exert a lot of stress on their employees in different directions, which can be the main cause of burnout among employees. General practitioners and staff experience.

As has been said, burnout has three important dimensions: “emotional exhaustion,” “depersonalization,” and “reduced professional competence.” Each of these dimensions brings its own consequences in this exhaustion.

Emotional exhaustion


Suffering from stress, especially chronic fatigue caused by overwork. For example, an employee who no longer likes to be at his workplace on time every day and is tired of this repetition and does not have the patience to properly perform his duties.



Indifference to work and the people with whom he works, loss of interest in work and finding it meaningless for him. For example, an employee who is tired of seeing his colleagues in the same place every day and does not feel like communicating with them and is constantly looking for an excuse to fight with every other employee.

Decrease in professional competence


This is due to a poor sense of competence and a low sense of success both in the job and in the general organization of one's tasks. For example, an employee who after ten years has reached a point where he no longer feels progress in his work and believes his work has become repetitive and makes no effort to improve his job. As a result, he constantly criticizes his job and makes himself look weaker every day.

Reasons for job burnout or failure


Job burnout has both internal and external sources. Also, the social status of a person affects his suffering from this disorder. Research shows that job burnout is less pronounced in married people than in single people because they benefit from emotional support and close relationships.

And, of course, research shows that one of the most important factors in job burnout in industrial and organizational settings is the leadership style of the organization's supervisors and managers. Simply put, organizations and companies that are inconsiderate expose their employees to burnout.

Managers and supervisors who have completely dry and formal behavior in the organization must know that they are fueling burnout of their employees and as a result reduce their productivity and income.


Burnout is often caused by work, but not only by work stress or excessive responsibilities. Other factors also play a role in the occurrence of burnout, which we will learn about later.

Work environment factors

  •      Feeling out of control at work
  •      Frustrating work environment
  •      Lack of awareness of the goals and role of the organization
  •      Insufficient salary and work done
  •      Unclear or excessive job expectations
  •      Monotonous or repetitive work


Lifestyle reasons


  •      Working too much without taking time to socialize or relax
  •      Accepting too many responsibilities and not getting help from others
  •      Not getting enough sleep


Reasons related to personality traits


  •      idealistic tendencies
  •      A pessimistic view of oneself and the world
  •      The need to control and a reluctance to delegate tasks to others
  •      Ambitious personality type

Who are the people who are exposed to job burnout?


People who do not create a balance in their personal and work lives and their work usually runs monotonously or people who have a very high workload are among those who experience job burnout. Among them are people, such as doctors and medical staff, who are involved in making decisions about people's life and death or who are involved in expressing many plans to others, such as group leaders and those who work under difficult conditions. groups.

People who require great attention and focus while working may also suffer from a functional disorder. This problem is more likely to occur when people's efforts don't get good results or when you don't get good results. In addition to these people, fatigue may also appear in people such as students or students of higher education levels and people who seek knowledge and who feel after a while that they are not getting the results they would like. Of course, it cannot be said that every temporary lack of motivation is caused by overwork. In order to know more about this problem, we must know its signs and symptoms.

Research shows that, in general, people who are perfectionists, competitive, and career-advancing are typically more prone to burnout.

These people are more sensitive to time and set unrealistic and exaggerated goals for themselves and get frustrated when they don't reach them. This group of people is usually very strict and works as hard as they can without complaining or complaining, but some other people who experience job burnout are:


  •      People who do not have a balance between their work and their personal lives
  •      People whose work is monotonous
  •      People who are involved in making decisions about the life and death of others (eg doctors)
  •      People who work under difficult conditions
  •      People whose work needs careful attention
  •      People whose work is repetitive
  •      People who deal with the Lord of Return
  •      Security officers, university professors and lawyers are the most vulnerable to job burnout.

Factors causing job burnout


Job burnout results from stress and this stress is caused by many factors. Factors that cause job burnout are:


  •      Not familiar with the objectives of the workplace organization
  •      Rigidity and inflexibility of workplace rules
  •      Difficulty in top-down communication in work organisations
  •      Managers do not pay attention to workers and low-ranking people
  •      Ambiguity in the person's role in the organization and the tasks to be performed
  •      The person's dissatisfaction with his job and workplace
  •      Lack of conditions and opportunities for personal growth in the field of work
  •      Imposing many tasks on someone who does not have the ability to do them
  •      Accept multiple and conflicting roles in the organization
  •      Lack of an appropriate job performance appraisal system
  •      Preference for relationship over job promotion
  •      Lack of effective and appropriate training for employees
  •      The discrepancy between the salary and the work that the person does
  •      Frustrating and unpleasant work environment

Symptoms of burnout

Job burnout has various symptoms that can affect the body and the spirit, which we will examine in the following three important categories.

physical symptoms

  •      Fatigue and lack of energy
  •      Headache or chronic body aches
  •      Weakened immune system and permanent disease
  •      Changes in appetite or sleeping habits


Emotional symptoms

  •      Feelings of failure and self-questioning
  •      loss of motivation
  •      Feelings of helplessness, helplessness and defeat
  •      Isolation and loneliness in the world
  •      Growing negative opinions and pessimism
  •      Lack of satisfaction and a sense of accomplishment

behavioral symptoms

  •      Ignore the burden of responsibilities
  •      Turning to food, alcohol, or drugs to deal with it
  •      Distance from others
  •      Take out your anger on others
  •      Wasting time and procrastinating
  •      Running away from work or being late in constant absence


Burnout treatment

To treat burnout, there are several treatment modalities that are used according to the individual's circumstances. These methods include:



Using psychotherapy, a person's attitudes are corrected and he gains a positive outlook on himself and life. In this way, the person learns how to deal with stressful situations and increases his ability and ability to adapt to the environment.

     Massage therapy

Massage is one of the best ways to overcome fatigue and exhaustion. In this method of treatment, the blood flows in the body, and by eliminating toxins from the body, both physical and mental fatigue are reduced.

     Drug treatment

Sometimes the cause of overwork and job exhaustion is both neurological and psychological, and in this case, in addition to psychological treatment, drug therapy is also needed. Drug treatment should be under the supervision of a doctor. If the drug is taken arbitrarily, the problems will increase.


As we have seen in this article, burnout creates many symptoms in different areas of life, each of these symptoms alone can affect a person's job performance and even relationships outside of the workplace. Often, when signs of burnout appear, the person ignores them and only makes the situation worse. By taking measures in time and referring to a psychologist, it is possible to prevent the situation from deteriorating. So, dear Emboy, if you think you are dealing with some kind of job burnout, make sure you help yourself and get help from a professional if needed.

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